Toelf Vocabulary

Group 8

abandon, verb
forsake, leave behind
We abandoned the old car in the empty parking lot

give up with the intent of never claiming again
Abandon your life to God

leave behind empty; move out of
stop maintaining or insisting on; of ideas or claims
He abandoned the thought of asking for her hand in marriage

leave someone who needs or counts on you; leave in the lurch
The mother deserted her children

abandon, noun
the trait of lacking restraint or control; reckless freedom from inhibition or worry
she danced with abandon

a feeling of extreme emotional intensity

accompany, verb
be present or associated with an event or entity
go or travel along with
The nurse accompanied the old lady everywhere

perform an accompaniment to
be a companion to somebody

accumulate, verb
get or gather together
collect or gather
Journals are accumulating in my office

ambiguous, adj
open to two or more interpretations; or of uncertain nature or significance; or (often) intended to mislead
having more than one possible meaning
ambiguous words

having no intrinsic or objective meaning; not organized in conventional patterns
an ambiguous situation with no frame of reference

append, verb
add to the very end
He appended a glossary to his novel where he used an invented language

fix to; attach
append a charm to the necklace

state or say further

appreciate, verb
recognize with gratitude; be grateful for
be fully aware of; realize fully
Do you appreciate the full meaning of this letter?

hold dear
gain in value
The yen appreciated again!

increase the value of
The Germans want to appreciate the Deutsche Mark

arbitrary, adj
based on or subject to individual discretion or preference or sometimes impulse or caprice
an arbitrary decision

automate, verb
make automatic or control or operate automatically

bias, noun
a partiality that prevents objective consideration of an issue or situation
a line or cut across a fabric that is not at right angles to a side of the fabric

bias, verb
influence in an unfair way
you are biasing my choice by telling me yours

cause to be biased

bias, adj
slanting diagonally across the grain of a fabric
a bias fold

chart, verb
make a chart of
chart the territory

plan in detail
Bush is charting a course to destroy Saddam Hussein

represent by means of a graph

chart, noun
a visual display of information
a map designed to assist navigation by air or sea

clarify, verb
make clear and (more) comprehensible
clarify the mystery surrounding her death

make clear by removing impurities or solids, as by heating
clarify the butter

commodity, noun
articles of commerce

complement, verb
make complete or perfect; supply what is wanting or form the complement to
I need some pepper to complement the sweet touch in the soup

complement, noun
a word or phrase used to complete a grammatical construction
a complete number or quantity
a full complement

number needed to make up a whole force
a full complement of workers

something added to complete or embellish or make perfect
a fine wine is a perfect complement to the dinner

one of a series of enzymes in the blood serum that are part of the immune response

conform, verb
be similar, be in line with
adapt or conform oneself to new or different conditions

contemporary, noun
a person of nearly the same age as another

contemporary, adj
characteristic of the present
contemporary trends in design

belonging to the present time
contemporary leaders

occurring in the same period of time

contradict, verb
be in contradiction with
deny the truth of
be resistant to
prove negative; show to be false

crucial, adj
of extreme importance; vital to the resolution of a crisis
a crucial moment in his career

having crucial relevance
crucial to the case

of the greatest importance

currency, noun
the metal or paper medium of exchange that is presently used
general acceptance or use
the currency of ideas

the property of belonging to the present time

denote, verb
be a sign or indication of
Her smile denoted that she agreed

have as a meaning
`multi-‘ denotes `many’

make known; make an announcement

detect, verb
discover or determine the existence, presence, or fact of
She detected high levels of lead in her drinking water

deviate, noun
a person whose behavior deviates from what is acceptable especially in sexual behavior

deviate, verb
turn aside; turn away from
be at variance with; be out of line with
cause to turn away from a previous or expected course
The river was deviated to prevent flooding

deviate, adj
markedly different from an accepted norm

displace, verb
cause to move, usually with force or pressure
the refugees were displaced by the war

take the place of or have precedence over
terminate the employment of; discharge from an office or position
The boss fired his secretary today

cause to move or shift into a new position or place, both in a concrete and in an abstract sense

drama, noun
a dramatic work intended for performance by actors on a stage
an episode that is turbulent or highly emotional
the literary genre of works intended for the theater
the quality of being arresting or highly emotional

exhibit, noun
an object or statement produced before a court of law and referred to while giving evidence
something shown to the public

exploit, noun
a notable achievement

fluctuate, verb
cause to fluctuate or move in a wavelike pattern
move or sway in a rising and falling or wavelike pattern
the line on the monitor vacillated

be unstable
The stock market fluctuates

guideline, noun
a light line that is used in lettering to help align the letters
a detailed plan or explanation to guide you in setting standards or determining a course of action
a rule or principle that provides guidance to appropriate behavior

highlight, verb
move into the foreground to make more visible or prominent
apply a highlighter to one’s cheeks or eyebrows in order to make them more prominent
highlight the area above your eyebrows

highlight, noun
the most interesting or memorable part
the highlight of the tour was our visit to the Vatican

an area of lightness in a picture

implicit, adj
implied though not directly expressed; inherent in the nature of something
an implicit agreement not to raise the subject

being without doubt or reserve
implicit trust

induce, verb
cause to arise
induce a crisis

cause to do; cause to act in a specified manner
The ads induced me to buy a VCR

cause to occur rapidly
the infection precipitated a high fever and allergic reactions

reason or establish by induction
produce electric current by electrostatic or magnetic processes

inevitable, noun
an unavoidable event
don’t argue with the inevitable

inevitable, adj
incapable of being avoided or prevented
the inevitable result

invariably occurring or appearing
the inevitable changes of the seasons

infrastructure, noun
the basic structure or features of a system or organization
the stock of basic facilities and capital equipment needed for the functioning of a country or area
the industrial base of Japan

inspect, verb
look over carefully
Please inspect your father’s will carefully

come to see in an official or professional capacity
examine carefully for accuracy with the intent of verification

intense, adj
possessing or displaying a distinctive feature to a heightened degree
intense heat

extremely sharp or intense
(of color) having the highest saturation
vivid green

manipulate, verb
influence or control shrewdly or deviously
He manipulated public opinion in his favor

hold something in one’s hands and move it
tamper, with the purpose of deception
manipulate in a fraudulent manner
control (others or oneself) or influence skillfully, usually to one’s advantage
She manipulates her boss

minimise, verb
represent as less significant or important
make small or insignificant

nuclear, adj
(weapons) deriving destructive energy from the release of atomic energy
nuclear war

of or relating to or constituting the nucleus of an atom
nuclear physics

of or relating to or constituting the nucleus of a cell
nuclear membrane

constituting or like a nucleus
annexation of the suburban fringe by the nuclear metropolis

offset, verb
compensate for or counterbalance
offset deposits and withdrawals

make up for
cause (printed matter) to transfer or smear onto another surface
create an offset in
offset a wall

produce by offset printing
offset the conference proceedings

offset, noun
the time at which something is supposed to begin
a compensating equivalent
a horizontal branch from the base of plant that produces new plants from buds at its tips
a natural consequence of development
a plate makes an inked impression on a rubber-blanketed cylinder, which in turn transfers it to the paper

paragraph, verb
divide into paragraphs, as of text
This story is well paragraphed

write about in a paragraph
All her friends were paragraphed in last Monday’s paper

write paragraphs; work as a paragrapher

paragraph, noun
one of several distinct subdivisions of a text intended to separate ideas; the beginning is usually marked by a new indented line

plus, noun
a useful or valuable quality
the arithmetic operation of summing; calculating the sum of two or more numbers

plus, adj
on the positive side or higher end of a scale
a plus value

involving advantage or good
a plus (or positive) factor

practitioner, noun
someone who practices a learned profession

predominant, adj
most frequent or common
having superior power and influence

prospect, verb
search for something desirable
prospect a job

explore for useful or valuable things or substances, such as minerals

prospect, noun
the possibility of future success
his prospects as a writer are excellent

belief about (or mental picture of) the future
someone who is considered for something (for an office or prize or honor etc.)
the visual percept of a region
a prediction of the course of a disease

radical, noun
(chemistry) two or more atoms bound together as a single unit and forming part of a molecule
an atom or group of atoms with at least one unpaired electron; in the body it is usually an oxygen molecule that has lost an electron and will stabilize itself by stealing an electron from a nearby molecule
a person who has radical ideas or opinions
(mathematics) a quantity expressed as the root of another quantity
a character conveying the lexical meaning of a logogram

radical, adj
(used of opinions and actions) far beyond the norm
markedly new or introducing radical change
arising from or going to the root or source
a radical flaw in the plan

of or relating to or constituting a linguistic root
a radical verb form

especially of leaves; located at the base of a plant or stem; especially arising directly from the root or rootstock or a root-like stem
basal placentation

random, adj
lacking any definite plan or order or purpose; governed by or depending on chance
a random choice

reinforce, verb
make stronger
he reinforced the concrete

strengthen and support with rewards
Let’s reinforce good behavior

restore, verb
return to its original or usable and functioning condition
restore the forest to its original pristine condition

return to life; get or give new life or energy
give or bring back
Restore the stolen painting to its rightful owner

restore by replacing a part or putting together what is torn or broken
bring back into original existence, use, function, or position
restore law and order

revise, verb
make revisions in
revise a thesis

revise or reorganize, especially for the purpose of updating and improving

revise, noun
the act of rewriting something

schedule, verb
plan for an activity or event
I’ve scheduled a concert next week

make a schedule; plan the time and place for events
I scheduled an exam for this afternoon

schedule, noun
a temporally organized plan for matters to be attended to
an ordered list of times at which things are planned to occur

tense, noun
a grammatical category of verbs used to express distinctions of time

tense, verb
become stretched or tense or taut
increase the tension on
alternately relax and tense your calf muscle

become tense, nervous, or uneasy
He tensed up when he saw his opponent enter the room

cause to be tense and uneasy or nervous or anxious
he got a phone call from his lawyer that tensed him up

tense, adj
in or of a state of physical or nervous tension
pronounced with relatively tense tongue muscles (e.g., the vowel sound in `beat’)
taut or rigid; stretched tight
tense piano strings

terminate, verb
bring to an end or halt
have an end, in a temporal, spatial, or quantitative sense; either spatial or metaphorical
be the end of; be the last or concluding part of
terminate the employment of; discharge from an office or position

theme, verb
provide with a particular theme or motive
the restaurant often themes its menus

theme, noun
the subject matter of a conversation or discussion
a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in literary or artistic work
it was the usual `boy gets girl’ theme

(music) melodic subject of a musical composition
the theme is announced in the first measures

an essay (especially one written as an assignment)
(linguistics) the form of a word after all affixes are removed

thereby, adv
by that means or because of that
He knocked over the red wine, thereby ruining the table cloth

uniform, noun
clothing of distinctive design worn by members of a particular group as a means of identification

uniform, verb
provide with uniforms
The guards were uniformed

uniform, adj
always the same; showing a single form or character in all occurrences
a street of uniform tall white buildings

the same throughout in structure or composition
not differentiated
evenly spaced
at regular (or uniform) intervals

vehicle, noun
a conveyance that transports people or objects
a medium for the expression or achievement of something
his editorials provided a vehicle for his political views

any substance that facilitates the use of a drug or pigment or other material that is mixed with it
any inanimate object (as a towel or money or clothing or dishes or books or toys etc.) that can transmit infectious agents from one person to another

virtual, adj
being actually such in almost every respect
existing in essence or effect though not in actual fact

visual, adj
any wheeled vehicle that is dilapidated and uncomfortable
visible

widespread, adj
widely circulated or diffused
a widespread doctrine

distributed over a considerable extent

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One Comment

  1. So if someone is treating you with disrespect by calling you fat, ugly, and stupid while laughing at you, telling that person’s caretaker/guardian about that is “tattling” according to your conveniently narrow definition because you don’t like it, it’s not against the rules (freedom of speech), and it hurts no one else. Learn the real definition of tattling before you go lecturing others with your made-up definition, you child. Go on, tell someone I said this since according to your definition, it’s not “tattling.” Hahaha, I’m laughing so hard at you! XD

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