Toelf Vocabulary

Group 10

adjacent, adj
nearest in space or position; immediately adjoining without intervening space
had adjacent rooms

having a common boundary or edge; abutting; touching
the side of Germany conterminous with France

near or close to but not necessarily touching
lands adjacent to the mountains

assemble, verb
create by putting components or members together
She pieced a quilt

collect in one place
get people together
assemble your colleagues

collapse, verb
break down, literally or metaphorically
The wall collapsed

collapse due to fatigue, an illness, or a sudden attack
fold or close up
fold up your umbrella

fall apart
cause to burst
The ice broke the pipe

collapse, noun
an abrupt failure of function or complete physical exhaustion
the commander’s prostration demoralized his men

a natural event caused by something suddenly falling down or caving in
the roof is in danger of collapse

the act of throwing yourself down
a sudden large decline of business or the prices of stocks (especially one that causes additional failures)

colleague, noun
an associate that one works with
a person who is member of one’s class or profession
the surgeon consulted his colleagues

compile, verb
get or gather together
put together out of existing material
use a computer program to translate source code written in a particular programming language into computer-readable machine code that can be executed

conceive, verb
have the idea for
judge or regard; look upon; judge
become pregnant; undergo conception
She cannot conceive

convince, verb
make (someone) agree, understand, or realize the truth or validity of something

depress, verb
lower someone’s spirits; make downhearted
These news depressed her

lower (prices or markets)
The glut of oil depressed gas prices

cause to drop or sink
press down
lessen the activity or force of
The rising inflation depressed the economy

encounter, verb
come together
come upon, as if by accident; meet with
be beset by
experience as a reaction
contend against an opponent in a sport, game, or battle

encounter, noun
a minor short-term fight
a casual or unexpected convergence
a casual meeting with a person or thing
a hostile disagreement face-to-face

enormous, adj
extraordinarily large in size or extent or amount or power or degree
an enormous boulder

forthcoming, adj
at ease in talking to others
of the relatively near future
available when required or as promised
federal funds were not forthcoming

incline, verb
have a tendency or disposition to do or be something; be inclined
bend or turn (one’s ear) towards a speaker in order to listen well
He inclined his ear to the wise old man

lower or bend (the head or upper body), as in a nod or bow
She inclined her head to the student

be at an angle
feel favorably disposed or willing
She inclines to the view that people should be allowed to expres their religious beliefs

incline, noun
an elevated geological formation
an inclined surface connecting two levels

integrity, noun
an undivided or unbroken completeness or totality with nothing wanting
the integrity of the nervous system is required for normal development

moral soundness
he expects to find in us the common honesty and integrity of men of business

intrinsic, adj
belonging to a thing by its very nature
form was treated as something intrinsic, as the very essence of the thing

situated within or belonging solely to the organ or body part on which it acts
intrinsic muscles

invoke, verb
summon into action or bring into existence, often as if by magic
cite as an authority; resort to
He invoked the law that would save him

request earnestly (something from somebody); ask for aid or protection

levy, verb
impose and collect
levy a fine

cause to assemble or enlist in the military

levy, noun
a charge imposed and collected
the act of drafting into military service

likewise, adv
in like or similar manner
in addition

nonetheless, adv
despite anything to the contrary (usually following a concession)

notwithstanding, adv
despite anything to the contrary (usually following a concession)

odd, adj
not divisible by two
not easily explained
it is odd that his name is never mentioned

an indefinite quantity more than that specified
invited 30-odd guests

beyond or deviating from the usual or expected
of the remaining member of a pair, of socks e.g.

ongoing, adj
currently happening
an ongoing economic crisis

panel, verb
decorate with panels
panel the walls with wood

select from a list

panel, noun
sheet that forms a distinct (usually flat and rectangular) section or component of something
a committee appointed to judge a competition
(law) a group of people summoned for jury service (from whom a jury will be chosen)
a group of people gathered for a special purpose as to plan or discuss an issue or judge a contest etc
a soft pad placed under a saddle

persist, verb
continue to exist
be persistent, refuse to stop
stay behind
The smell stayed in the room

pose, verb
assume a posture as for artistic purposes
pretend to be someone you are not; sometimes with fraudulent intentions
She posed as the Czar’s daughter

behave affectedly or unnaturally in order to impress others
Don’t pay any attention to him–he is always posing to impress his peers!

put into a certain place or abstract location

pose, noun
affected manners intended to impress others
a posture assumed by models for photographic or artistic purposes
a deliberate pretense or exaggerated display

reluctance, noun
(physics) opposition to magnetic flux (analogous to electric resistance)
a certain degree of unwillingness
a reluctance to commit himself

so-called, adj
doubtful or suspect

straightforward, adj
free from ambiguity
a straightforward set of instructions

without evasion or compromise
without concealment or deception; honest
pointed directly ahead
a straightforward gaze

undergo, verb
pass through
The chemical undergoes a sudden change


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